Peter Sutherland is Chairman of BP p.l.c. (1997 - current). He is also Chairman of Goldman Sachs International (1995 - current). Before these appointments he was the founding Director-General of the World Trade Organization. He had previously served as Director General of GATT since July 1993 and was instrumental in concluding the Uruguay GATT Round Negotiations. Prior to this position, he was Chairman of Allied Irish Banks from 1989 and Chairman of the Board of Governors of the European Institute of Public Administration (Maastricht). Educated at Gonzaga College, University College Dublin and at the Honorable Society of the King's Inns, from 1969 to 1971 Mr. Sutherland was a Tutor in Law at University College Dublin. From 1981 until early 1982 he was Attorney General of Ireland and was a Member of the Council of State. He was reappointed in 1982 until 1984 when he was nominated by the Government of Ireland as a Member of the Commission of the European Communities in charge of Competition Policy. During his first year at the Commission he was also responsible for Social Affairs, Health and Education and thereafter for Relations with the European Parliament. Peter Sutherland is a Member of the Board of Investor AB, The Royal Bank of Scotland Group p.l.c. and Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson. He has published numerous articles and the book Premier Janvier 1993, ce qui va changer en Europe (Paris). He was presented with the Robert Schuman Medal for his work on European Integration and the David Rockefeller Award of the Trilateral Commission. Mr. Sutherland was a Trilateral Commission author on 21st Century Strategies of the Trilateral Countries: In Concert or Conflict? (1999, with Robert B. Zoellick and Hisashi Owada) and was elected its European Chairman to serve in the 2001-2003 triennium.