The Uruguay Round and the WTO: What Have We Achieved?
This World Leaders Forum program features an address by Jagdish Bhagwati, University Professor at Columbia University, followed by a moderated panel discussion reflecting upon the achievements of the last completed round of multilateral trade negotiations, the Uruguay Round. Experts will share their thoughts on the lessons learned for the future of the international trading system, the current Doha Round of the multilateral trade negotiations, and the World Trade Organization.
As we approach the ten-year anniversary of the World Trade Organization and its dispute-settlement system, several members of the Appellate Body, in collaboration with academic and policy institutions, held a series of regional conferences around the world in 2005 and 2006 to mark this anniversary. The conference will bring together scholars, trade and foreign ministers, business executives, legal experts and journalists, current and past members of the WTO Appellate Body, and other thought leaders to explore dispute resolution and other key international trade issues.
Welcome and Introduction by:
Lee C. Bollinger, President of Columbia University in the City of New York
Jagdish Bhagwati, University Professor at Columbia University
Carla A. Hills, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Hills & Company International Consultants; Former U.S. Trade Representative
Peter Sutherland, Chairman, Goldman Sachs International; Chairman of BP p.l.c.; former Director-General, GATT & WTO
Clayton Yeutter, Of Counsel, Hogan & Hartson LLP; Former U.S. Secretary of Agriculture; Former U.S. Trade Representative
Merit E. Janow, Professor in the Practice of International Economic Law & International Affairs, Columbia University; Member, WTO Appellate Body
World Trade Organization
Carla A. Hills is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Hills & Company, International Consultants, which advises companies on global trade and investment issues. Ambassador Hills served as U.S. Trade Representative (1989-93), in the first Bush Administration, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and Assistant Attorney General, Civil Division, U.S. Department of Justice in the Ford Administration. She serves on four corporate boards. She also serves as Chair of the National Committee on U.S.-China Relations; Vice Chair of the Council on Foreign Relations and of the Inter-American Dialogue; member of the Executive Committee of the Institute for International Economics and of the Trilateral Commission, Co-Chair of the International Advisory Board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and trustee of the U.S.-China Business Council. Ambassador Hills received her bachelor's degree from Stanford University and her law degree from Yale University. She is the recipient of a number of honorary degrees. In 2000 she was awarded the Aztec Eagle, the highest honor given by the Mexican government to a non-citizen.
Peter Sutherland is Chairman of BP p.l.c. (1997 - current). He is also Chairman of Goldman Sachs International (1995 - current). Before these appointments he was the founding Director-General of the World Trade Organization. He had previously served as Director General of GATT since July 1993 and was instrumental in concluding the Uruguay GATT Round Negotiations. Prior to this position, he was Chairman of Allied Irish Banks from 1989 and Chairman of the Board of Governors of the European Institute of Public Administration (Maastricht). Educated at Gonzaga College, University College Dublin and at the Honorable Society of the King's Inns, from 1969 to 1971 Mr. Sutherland was a Tutor in Law at University College Dublin. From 1981 until early 1982 he was Attorney General of Ireland and was a Member of the Council of State. He was reappointed in 1982 until 1984 when he was nominated by the Government of Ireland as a Member of the Commission of the European Communities in charge of Competition Policy. During his first year at the Commission he was also responsible for Social Affairs, Health and Education and thereafter for Relations with the European Parliament. Peter Sutherland is a Member of the Board of Investor AB, The Royal Bank of Scotland Group p.l.c. and Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson. He has published numerous articles and the book Premier Janvier 1993, ce qui va changer en Europe (Paris). He was presented with the Robert Schuman Medal for his work on European Integration and the David Rockefeller Award of the Trilateral Commission. Mr. Sutherland was a Trilateral Commission author on 21st Century Strategies of the Trilateral Countries: In Concert or Conflict? (1999, with Robert B. Zoellick and Hisashi Owada) and was elected its European Chairman to serve in the 2001-2003 triennium.
Ambassador Clayton Yeutter is Of Counsel to Hogan & Hartson, practicing in the international trade and food and agriculture areas. He came to the firm in 1993, after having served in cabinet and sub-cabinet posts under four U.S. Presidents. Ambassador Yeutter served as U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) from 1985-88, and while there led the American team in negotiating the historic U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement, the precursor to the North American Free Trade Agreement. He also helped launch the most ambitious trade negotiation in history, the 100-nation Uruguay Round, which culminated in the creation of the World Trade Organization. As the USTR, Ambassador Yeutter broadened the U.S. trade agenda to encompass for the first time serious global negotiations in services, intellectual property, and agriculture.